Eddie Poirier - Winnie Chafe - Buddy MacMaster - Jack Greenough - Emile Benoit
Produced by Paul Mills and Brian Sutcliffe; Engineered by Pat Martin and Carl Faulkenham; Recorded at Audio Atlantic Recording Studios, Halifax, Nova Scotia
Eddie Poirier: Untitled - The Coal Branch Reel; Cotillon A Huit / Auadrille de Beauharnois; Reel Dela Veuve / Reel De L’Enfant;
Buddy MacMaster and Winnie Chafe: Jenny Bowser - Duncan on the Plainstones - Miss Jeanette Beaton’s; Jerry’s Beaver hat - Colonel Willie G. - The Man In The Moon; The Shetland Fiddler’s Society Strathspey - The Pond’s Road Reel - Miss Susan Cooper’s Reel; The Fallen Chief - Silver Wells;
Jack Greenough: Cape Blomidon’s Reel; St. Patrick’s Jig; Reginald’s Waltz;
Kenny and Peter Chaisson: Heather On The Hill - Dismissal Reel; The duke of Gordon’s Birthday - Sheehan’s Reel; Arthur Bignal March - Lassies Of Glenodale;
Emile Benoit: Diane’s Happiness*; Le Sabots
Reel*; The Long Point Reel*
The Atlantic provinces have long been acknowledged the richest part of Canada for folk tradition and heritage. Almost every town and village there has it’s share of fiddlers, singers and storytellers keeping alive the cultural heritage which has been part of Maritime life for generations. The tradition of story and song is not ‘archaic’, ‘cute’ or ‘quaint’, as some would have us believe: it is a living tradition that brings joy, meaning and a tremendous sense of identity to anyone who, like me has had the pleasure and privilege of experiencing it first hand.
This Atlantic Fiddling album was a labour of love for both me and my co-producer Brian Sutcliffe. For three days we were treated to some of the best fiddling in the Atlantic provinces, and we had some hard choices to make in selecting the sixteen sets that ended up on the album!
From the toe-tapping “Cape Blomidon Reel”, by Jack Greenough, to the raw energy of Emile Benoit’s “Le Sabot’s Reel”, to the haunting slow airs by Winnie Chafe, this is true Canadian music we can all be proud of.
P.S. A tip of the “sou’wester” to Gordon McGowan of CBC Halifax for making this album possible.
This is the first recording of fiddle music from across Atlantic Canada. With the variety of tunes and styles in this region, the area it represents has geographical but not musical boundaries: there is no common “Atlantic-style". Indeed, while the expression “Canadian-style fiddling” has been heard at some of the American contests, this record shows that it would be extremely difficult to define such a term. What is presented here is a celebration of the depth and variety of fiddling in Atlantic Canada. That Emile Benoit and Winnie Chafe, with all their differences, are both known as ‘fiddlers’ says much about this variety.
This musical craft continues to evolve and cross-fertilize, as Scottish marches, Acadian reels, Irish jigs and Southern Waltzes can be found co-existing within the same repertoires, although relatively few players can do all of them justice. And the process of musical exchange can only continue with the ever-increasing exposure of fiddle music through records, printed music and greater opportunities for fiddlers to play at festivals and concerts and over broadcast media. In turn, this record will play a part in disseminating these tunes to a wider public, and not just directly but also through the fiddlers who learn them from it.
The fiddlers here are all stars, players who have excelled in a region where the number of fiddlers may exceed a thousand. They are prominent because they are accomplished, public performers who are willing to travel to play. The personal commitment that this requires of them is well appreciated by their public, which understands that no one could reach this level of skill without a great love of the music and a dedication to fiddling. None of these fiddlers makes a living solely as a musician; music is, at best, a profitable hobby.
The tunes here are only a sample of the large number that each performer commands. But the fact that some of them have been previously recorded by these fiddlers indicates that many are old favourites. All of these fiddlers except Buddy MacMaster have issued their own LP records; Buddy is quite famous for NOT having done so. (as of 1979 - ed.) This is the great Cape Breton fiddler’s first appearance on disc.
Repertoire and even musical style can change over time. The Chaisson Brother have been exposed to the older traditional tunes on Prince Edward Island - many of which came from Scotland - but nave found their greatest inspiration in the music of neighbouring Cape Breton. There, Winnie Chafe looks to Scotland for many of the slow airs that are her specialty. In recent years, Emile Benoit has emphasized his own compositions over the standard and local tunes he learned as a young man. Jack Greenough has learned tunes from fellow competitors at the Shelburne, Ontario, contest. And Eddie Poirier is best known as a bluegrass banjo and guitar player, although he generally does some Acadian fiddle tunes when he performs.
Fiddling has suffered through some periods of low popularity in this century, and not many years ago was believed to be in a terminal decline. But within the last ten years it has experienced such a revival that the continued popularity of the instrument now seems safe from the vagaries of fashion. Some older fiddlers whose skills lay dormant for many years have rediscovered them and are learning note-reading, and many young people are taking up the fiddle, exploring the wealth of tunes now available from many sources. (The musical differences among fiddlers named Benoit, Chaisson and Poirier indicate that a fiddler’s ethnic background is not a major determining factor in his style.) While this recording cannot claim to reflect all of the fiddling in the Atlantic provinces, it does provide a stimulating reference point. As such, it opens the way for further explorations and a greater appreciation of this marvelous music.
Untitled - The Coal Branch Reel
These are New Brunswick reels, learned from the Acadian musicians in the eastern part of the province. the first one came from Archie Daigle, a mouth-organ player, and is described as “an old Acadian reel.” Eddie says that The Coal Branch Reel was written by a woman named Suzanne LeBlanc who died some years ago, and is played by a number of fiddlers in the Moncton area. Coal Branch is a small community northwest of Moncton.
Cotillon à huit - Quadrille de Beauharnois
The names of these jigs indicate that they were often used for dancing. Eddie calls them “the French version of Irish jigs.” Their lift is enhanced by the transitional key change from G to C. They were recorded by Joseph Allard, but Eddie got them from a recording by Allard’s brilliant protégé, Jean Carignan.
Reel de la Veuve - Reel de l’enfent
Again Joseph Allard is the source, this time from his own Victor 78 rpm recordings, which contained a single tune per side, rather than a medley. The first great Québecois fiddler on record, Allard is still revered in the Atlantic Provinces where his recording of “Le reel du Ste-Anne” in the 1920s is considered the source of the standard “St. Anne’s Reel.”
Buddy MacMaster and Winnie Chafe
Jenny Bowser - Duncan on the Plainstones - Miss Jeanette Beaton’s
The first two of these reels are composed by J. Scott Skinner, Scotland’s last great fiddler/composer (d. 1927). They were learned from the legendary Skye Collection of 1887, a musical treasure-house that has recently been reprinted in Cape Breton, where it has long been influential. The third reel is by the remarkable Cape Breton composer, fiddler, and personality, Dan R MacDonald (d. 1976). The author of over 2,000 fiddle tunes, Dan R’s works are being labouriously compiled, and he is the subject of a film now in progress. These efforts will bring to a wider audience his fame as a composer, which is solidly entrenched in the Maritimes, and has spread wherever Cape Breton music is played.
Jerry’s Beaver Hat - Colonel Willie G - The Man in The Moon
This is a medley of jigs from various sources. The most immediate source was the former CBC TV program “Ceilidh” where Winnie and Buddy, along with other fiddlers, developed a common repertoire for 35 shows. Jerry’s Beaver Hat is printed in Francis O’Neill’s first collection, The Music of Ireland (1903). Cape Breton fiddlers know many Irish hornpipes and 6/8 jigs, but relatively few Irish reels, slow airs, or slip (9/8) jigs. Colonel Willie G is printed in Gordon MacQuarrie’s Cape Breton Collection (1940; rpt 1975) where it is credited to Pipe Major A. MacDonald. The Man in the Moon is a traditional jig. Dan R MacDonald, whose competence as a fiddler was dwarfed by his composing genius, recorded it for Rodeo Records. This selection, and the previous one, feature Buddy and Winnie playing together.
The Shetland Fiddler’s Society Strathspey - The Pond’s Road Reel - Miss Susan Cooper’s Reel
Buddy MacMaster is the fiddler on a group of tunes that are fairly recent additions to his repertoire. The Pond’s Road Reel was given to him by Dan R MacDonald, who made it; Dan R’s tunes are still turning up. The strathspey and Miss Susan Cooper’s Reel are both by Ronnie Cooper of Shetland. The medley thus represents a summit meeting of leading composers of Cape Breton and Shetland, the two most exciting offshoots of Scottish fiddling tradition. While the accordion has taken over dancing in Scotland (the fiddle generally being relegated to the charming but excessively genteel role of providing folk chamber music), in these widely-separated islands the fiddle is still king, and its rhythms demand a physical response. Buddy met Tom Anderson, the patriarch of Shetland fiddling, on a visit to Scotland, and through him discovered Ronnie Cooper whose tunes, like those of Dan R, and other composers help keep tradition growing.
The Fallen Chief - Silver Wells
Winnie Chafe’s renditions of these lovely airs by J. Scott Skinner exhibit a special area of Scottish music. The classical music influence heard here can also be found in manuscripts of fiddle tunes from the 17th century on. However, classicism in fiddle music reached its peak with Skinner who studied violin technique extensively before making his mark as a composer of tunes. Although he wrote a number of basic reels and jigs, Skinner’s specialty was the composition and performance of slow strathspeys and airs, most of which require the position shifts, bowing, and high double-stops of the classical player. Herself trained as a violinist, Winnie has particular fondness for these tunes. she learned them after receiving copies of the music on the Cairngorm sheet music series in Scotland. The Fallen Chief is said to be a lament for a close friend of Skinner. The friend was a bagpiper who was to join Skinner for a tour of America (1893) until he became ill; he died while Skinner was touring.
Cape Blomidon Reel
Jack says that this was composed by Ron Goodwin from the Annapolis Valley. It and the next two tunes reflect Jack’s contest repertoire, and the usual combination of a reel, a jig and a waltz... but without the time limit that a contest imposes. Cape Blomidon juts out into the Minas Basin in Nova Scotia.
St. Patrick’s Jig was learned from a recording by Don Messer, the originator of the ‘Down East’ style. It was written by John Durocher, who composed a number of tunes for Messer. It is typical of this style to play each tune alone.
Messer is a controversial figure in the Maritimes, and has many detractors among the fiddling community. But he also has his admirers among whom Jack counts himself, and he has left his mark on fiddling through his published collections (which were once a major source of printed tunes), and some of his earlier recordings.
Reginald’s Waltz was also learned from Messer, Jack’s overall favorite among fiddlers. On waltzes however, he especially admires the playing of the late Andy De Jarlis of Manitoba. In a contest Jack says he would probably play a more ‘sophisticated’ waltz than this one.
Kenny and Peter Chaisson
Heather on The Hill - Dismissal Reel
These Cape Breton reels have been popular on Prince Edward Island for over thirty years. Kenny, (the fiddler here) and Peter Chaisson reflect the Cape Breton influence more strongly than most Island fiddlers, but nearly all know some Cape Breton tunes, and share a similar drive in their dance music. Dan R MacDonald’s Heather On The Hill is unusual for its rapid entrance to folk tradition, especially remarkable in view of the personal fame of its author. In the process the title has been slightly changed. According to John Donald Cameron, who is compiling his music, Dan R composed this very popular reel in 1943 while on duty in Scotland, and called it Heather Hill. The name describes Dan R’s location when he composed it and is not, like many tune titles, a salute to a woman. The tune has entered the repertoire of many fiddlers on the Island and elsewhere as Heather on The Hill and is generally considered traditional. It is a particular favourite of stepdancers. Sandy MacLean’s Dismissal Reel was circulated on the Island after being printed in MacQuarrie’s Cape Breton Collection.
The Duke of Gordon’s Birthday - Sheehan’s Reel
Peter does the fiddling here, playing a typical Scottish sequence of strathspey and reel. The strathspey is by William Marshall (1748-1833) the second most prolific composer of Scottish fiddle tunes after Skinner. Marshall is most admired for his strathspeys. He was for many years butler to the Duke of Gordon, and dedicated a number of tunes to the Duke and family. This one is printed in Marshall’s first collection (1781), as well as some later compilations such as the Skye Collection. It was also one of the first strathspeys played by the Prince Edward Island Fiddler’s Society, begun in late 1976, in which several of the Souris area Chaissons have prominently participated. Sheehan’s is another ‘big’ reel, and also a great incentive to stepdancers. Peter learned it from a tape of the late great Angus Chisholm; it is printed in O’Neill’s 1903 collection.
Arthur Bignal March - Lassies of Glenodale
Arthur Bignal is a pipe march that Peter learned from an old recording of Little Jack MacDonald, one of the oldest Cape Breton fiddlers who recorded. It was composed by the 19th century Scottish piper John MacColl under the title of Arthur Bignold of Loch Rosque, and is printed in Ross’s Collection of pipe music, Book 4. Pipe tunes are often played by fiddlers of the Scottish persuasion, and many fiddle tunes imitate the peculiar scale of the pipes. Peter learned the reel Lassies of Glenodale from the first record of Joe Cormier, a Cape Breton fiddler now living in the Boston area; the tune is of Scottish origin.
This reel like the next two tunes was composed by Emile. It was made about a year ago, and it’s title is a dedication to a Diane MacIsaac.
Le Sabot’s Reel
In standard parlance this is called a jig, but Emile has an unflappable disregard for such distinctions. It has the slightly unusual structure often used by fiddlers of French background: instead of the usual two sections or ‘turns’ of eight bars each, this jig has an eight bar turn followed by one of seven and one half bars. This has the effect of pushing you back into the first turn with a rush. Emile’s performance is an echo of the past - indeed his own past - when the unaccompanied fiddler used several methods to create as much sound and rhythm as possible. Emile ‘jigs’ the tune, also known as ‘tuning,’ and ‘lilting’, and in Gaelic speaking areas, puirt-a-beul. This ‘mouth music’ sometimes substituted when no fiddler could be found, and was also used for teaching tunes. Emile also ‘clogs’ with his feet - appropriately enough, for the tune’s title refers to the clog or shoe. It was named after a pair of boots his wife was wearing one day.
The Long Point Reel
Local fishermen ply their trade off Long Point, about eight miles from where Emile lives in Black Duck Brook. he says the reel was made some ten or twelve years ago. The local names Emile gives most of his tunes are a reminder of the isolation imposed by Newfoundland’s topography. Because of it Emile didn’t meet Rufus Guinchard, another outstanding fiddler of roughly his generation, until a few years ago at a folk festival, despite the fact that they have lived on the same coast all their lives, and not many miles apart by most standards.
Prince Edward Island
Ned Landry, Al Cherny, King Ganam
Engineered by George Semkiw and Peter Houston; Previously available as CAS-2450
Tracks: Black Mountain Rag - Al Cherny; Golden Eagle Hornpipe - King Ganam; Mocking Bird - Ned Landry; Qu’appelle Valley Breakdown - King Ganam; Joys Of Quebec - Al Cherny; The Farmer’s Jamboree - King Ganam - Golden Slippers - Al Cherny; Rubber Dolly - Ned Landry; Arkansas Traveller - King Ganam; Orange Blossom Special - Al Cherny
Canadian Jigs and Reels, Point Records P-229 - circa 1963
Tracks: Kerry Mills Barn Dance - Don Messer; Jig Barbotte - Sid Plamador; Foothills Breakdown - Red Crawford; Abbie's Favourite Jig - Abbie Andrews; Magic Violin Reel - Larry Joy; Chicken Reel - J.O. La Madeleine; Jolly Jig - Paul Menard; The Forest of Garth - Bill Lamey; Canadian Reel - Gerard Joyal; Hangman's Reel (Reel du pendu) - Isidore Soucy
Tracks: Side ONE: A Pastoral Air - Four Hand
Reel and a March: Little Jack MacDonald: Our Highland
Queen (Pastoral) & Speed the Plough Reel; Angus Chisolm: Glengarry's
Dirk Strathspey / Bonnie Lass o' Fisherrow / Bird's Nest reels; Angus
Allan Gillis: Don Side Strathspey & Lady Georgina Campbell reel;
Lamey: Dr. Shaw's Strathspey / The Breem Dog / Sandy Skinner; Bill
Lamey: Dusty Miller Strathspey & Sandy Cameron Reel; Dan R. MacDonald:
The Balkan Hills & Lasses of Campbell Street March;
Side TWO: Reels
and Jigs for Square Dancing: Winston Fitgerald and Radio
Entertainers: The Judique Jig Medley; Donald MacLellan: Miss MacLean's
Reel / The Flaggon Reel / Miss Charters;
The MacLellan Trio: There
Came A Young Man To My Daddy's Door Jig; Jimmie MacLellan: The Hurdle Race
& Angus Campbell Reels; Angus Chisholm: Medley of Inverness
Jigs; Angus Allan Gillis: Medley of Old Time Wedding Reels.
Scottish Music of Inverness County
The visitor travelling east in Nova Scotia, having crossed the famed Canso Causeway and entering this fair isle of Cape Breton - - a segment of the Scottish Highlands in the new world - - is more apt to hear in kitchen and dance-hall the music of this recording if he turns north into Inverness County. This is not saying that the rest of the island is much less Scottish, rather that here in Inverness is to be found the home of a style of violin playing which is perhaps unique in the world. In its native Scotland the art seems to have evolved into a concert-style, the folk-way being lost when the music is more listened to than it is danced to.
A vigorously marked accent, the profusion of grace notes or accidentals suggestive of bagpipe-playing, are features which characterize the Inverness style. It has a very pronounced Gaelic flavour. Strathspeys and reels, the main content of Side 1, is music for a very old folkdance called the four-hand reel, in which there is more individual step dancing than observance of the ordered pattern of a figure. The change in tempo coincides with that point where, with rising spirit and vivacity of the dancers, nimble feet demand a quicker pace. Indeed, the rhythm of the dance steadily quickens from the vapors of uisge-beatha* in the glen on a ceilidh* night.
Pastoral airs - - some of them are called slow strathspeys - - may be considered classics of this music form. Our recorded example was composed by the late J. Scott Skinner. "The greatest exponent of our national music", as famous for playing the violin as for composing, lived in Scotland before the day of electrical recording and though he made a few records by the old acoustical method, none of them are obtainable now. The origin on the great part of this music, however, goes many generations beyond Scott Skinner; through William Marshall, Neil and Nathaniel Gow of one hundred and fifty years ago - - to far antiquity. It has been handed down in Cape Breton from generation to generation practically without the aid of printed music. Though many large and handsomely-bound collections of tunes have been published in Scotland during the past century, they are all out of print and now extremely scarce. What remains in print of Scottish dance-music is a poor shadow of its former glory. This explains in a large measure the loss of the titles of many tunes still played in Cape Breton, for the lack of more detailed information in these notes concerning origin of these tunes. Perhaps it would be pointless to include this data, were it more easily discovered.
Violin square-dance music - - on the whole side of Side Two - - is something well known in nearly all countries of the world. Each has its own style of square dancing, to the extent that different parts of one country developed their own peculiar forms. So it is in Canada - - and here we have music for the square-dance in Cape Breton. Even in this small part of Canada, Side Two cannot be arranged so that the order of the dance is common to all districts of the island.
The recording of this LP was first done for 78 r.p.m. discs and dates back several years. Some variation in quality and reproduction will be apparent and this selection of the best of our 'Celtic' series is therefore intended more for folk-music collector than for the Hi-Fi enthuisast.
*uisge-beatha is pronounced ush'-ke bey' ha
*ceilidh is cay'-lee
Tracks: Julie et ses musiciens: Tant qu’il y aura des étoiles; Marie Lord: Maudit qu’chu tannée; Aldor Morin: Reel à Ti-Louis (gigue); Charly Delroy: Reel Josephine; Gerard Lajoie: Reel Adrien; André Breton: Grand’maman; Rosaire Asselin: Gigue de la Beauce; Roger Langlois: Reel de Breakeyville; Robin Barriault: Reel le p’tit Cordonnier; Famille Guadet: Le Temps d’aujourd’hui; Gilles Gosselin: T’as l’air à trouver Ça Drôle; Tommy Duchesne: 1ère Partie d’un set canadien; Michel Lemelin: Reel le bal à l’huile; Clément Cyr: La Ronfleuse; M’am Berthiaume: Pépère et puis mémére; Oscar Thiffault: Woah! Ferdinand; Les Frères Grenier: Un Pied Mariton; J.O.Albert LaMadeleine: Les deux pas du cojo; Ti-Blanc Richard: Reel du sucre d’érable; Wilson Poirier: Quand Le Soliel Dit Bonjour Aux Montagnes
(Note: this is an album of folksongs and tunes
performed by various ‘folk stars’ of Québec. Some of the tunes are
by accordion players)
Produced by Kerri Brown in her living room between February and June, 2005
Tracks: Treble Air; Kerigin's Tune / Les
Deux François; La Saucissière / Le
reel Methé; Bring on the Rain / The Swift; An Mac Suiri Midhilis;
L'Ado Dansante; Roberta's Reel; Composium Jigs; Reel à Kerri (Reel
Qui Rit) / Le Hoquet; Macnish Jig / The Broken Elbow / Farewell to Donegal;
The Ancestral Landscape / Camilien / Ferguson's Jig; La Vielle Gigue /
la Ligue du Vieux Poêle; Gigue des Patriotes / Hommage à Sarah
Tracks: Rippling Water Jig - The Hachey
Brothers & Mary Lou; Pilot Mount Waltz - Don Messer and His
Islanders; Little Judique Reel - Joe Murphy and His Radio Swing
Band; Lindy’s Landler - The Happy Roamin’ Rangers; Paris Polka
- Olaf Sveen & His Accordion Orchestra; Banks Of Newfoundland
- Wilf Doyle and His Orchestra; Maple Sugar Two-Step - Rod Linnell
and The Maritime All Stars; Pride of the Ball - Caul Kail reels - Jimmy
MacLellan and The Cosy Cottars; Orange Blossom Special - Luke Simmons
and The Blue Mountain Boys; Belle Dun - Quickstep - Waldo Munro;
The Royal Princess Two Step - Graham Townsend; Prmbroke Centennial
Reel - Mac Beattie and His Ottawa Valley Melodiers (featuring Reg
Hill - ed.)
Newfoundland - Wilf Doyle and His Orchestra
Wilf Doyle is from Conception Harbour, Newfoundland and has been providing dance music for the people of Newfoundland most of his life. His orchestra is very popular on the Island and provides authentic Nfld. music for dancing.
Cape Breton - Joe Murphy and His Radio Swing Band
Joe Murphy and his band are a well known group who have played for many years in Cape Breton. His original band was one of the first to appear on radio over Radio Station CNRA in 1922. The group consists of: Bernie Leye - fiddle; Joe MacDougall - fiddle; Helen MacAulay - piano; Miles MacDonald - bass; Joe Murphy - drums.
New Brunswick - The Hachey Brothers & Mary Lou
This group hails from New Brunswick but are well known throughout Canada and the United States. The group consists of: Curly Hachey - Rhythm guitar; Bobby Hachey - Electric Spanish guitar and mandolin; Mary Lou Farrah - bass and fiddle; Rusty Grande - Steel Guitar and banjo.
Cape Breton - Jimmie MacLellan and The Cosy Cottars
Jimmie MacLellan was born on Cape Breton Island and has been playing old time music since he was a very young boy. He has played on many radio stations in Eastern and Central Canada. The group consists of: A. Rasi - Accordion and saxophone; Len Nedard - guitar; Jimmy MacLellan - violin; Grant Morrison - Drums; Bill Chandler - piano.
Saskatchewan - Olaf Sveen and His Accordion Orchestra
Olaf Sveen was born in Norway, came to Canada in 1949. He played with Eddie Mehlers Orchestra on Radio Station CKRM, Regina, Sask. for some time and then started his own band in 1954. Since then he has appeared on many radio stations in Western Canada and is well liked by all his listeners.
Maine & Nova Scotia - Rod Linnell
Rod Linnell actually hails from Presque Isle, Maine. But has been a consistent exponent of Canadian Hoedown music and is recognized and well known throughout Canada and the United States for his brilliance as a ‘coller’. (I believe the band backing him up is Don Messer’s - ed.)
Prince Edward Island - Don Messer and His Islanders
Don Messer and His Islanders have been playing old time favorites for the public approximately twenty-five years. They are well known Trans Canada from their radio broadcasts and soon will be televised coast to coast. The group consists of: Charlie Chamberlain - vocal and guitar; Marg Osburne - vocal; Cecil MacEachern - Steel guitar and fiddle; Waldo Munro - piano; Rae Simmons - clarinet and Master of Ceremonies; Julius ‘Duke’ Neilsen - bass; Warren MacRae - drums; Don Messer - fiddle.
Nova Scotia - Waldo Munro
Waldo Munro was born in Nova Scotia and is the featured pianist with Don Messer. He has toured many parts of Canada and The United States with this popular group. He is well known for his renditions of old time music.,
Ontario - Graham Townsend
Graham is from Toronto, Ontario, who at sixteen had produced an album of fiddling tunes, many of which are his own compositions. He has won fiddling contests continually and is headed for a very brilliant future in the field of music.
Saskatchewan - Happy Roamin’ Rangers
This group have recently made their first appearance on Rodeo and are headed for a brilliant future. They have played together for about five years and do most of their traveling in the western provinces and northern United States. At present they have a weekly radio show on radio station CKRM in Regina, Sask. The group consists of: Mel West - Steel guitar, vocal and bass; Milt Tyke - banjo and vocal; Steve Avram - guitar, fiddle and bass; Mike Kern - accordion and bass; Ramblin’ Rae Herbel - rhythm guitar.
British Columbia - Luke Simmons and His Blue Mountain Boys
Luke is a newcomer on Rodeo. He was born in Canada and made his first appearance in Vancouver, BC. After the war Luke went to New Zealand where he settled for a time. He became very well known in that country but is now back in Canada. The group consists of: Clarence Levesque - fiddle; Roger Parent - guitar; Vic Crane - bass.
Ontario - Mac Beattie & The Ottawa Valley Melodiers
The Ottawa Valley Melodiers originate from Pembroke, Ontario. The group has been in existence since 1938 and except for the war years has provided regular listening for their many, many fans. They are now heard over CBC Dominion Network, CHOV Pembroke, CKOY Ottawa, and CJET Smith Falls. The group consists of: Mac Beattie - vocal and drums; Reg Hill - violin; Garnet Scheel - Steel Guitar; Gaetan Fairfield - Spanish Guitar and Bass; Bob Price - piano; Bob Whitney - sax, clarinet; Bill Inglis - vocal and guitar.
Tracks: Colin J Boyd: Shannon Bells
- Rafferty Jig; Elmer Briand: The Margaree Valley Waltz*; Angus
Chisholm: Glengarry’s Dirk Strathspey - bonnie Lassie O’Fisherrow &
Bird’s Nest reels; Winston ‘Scotty’ Fitzgerald: Hiawatha and Jimmy
Lind’s Clogs - The College Hornpipe; Wilfred Gillis: Marquis of
Huntley’s Highland Fling; Angus Allan Gillis: Don Side Strathspey
- Lady Georgina Campbell Reel; Bill Lamey: Dr. Shaw’s Strathspey
- The Breem Dog & Sandy Skinner; Scotty LeBlanc: Lady Douglas
of Bothwell - The New Fiddle - Scotty’s Favourite jigs; Dan R. MacDonald:
Gregg’s Pipe Reel - Goodenwell Reel; Five MacDonald Fiddlers: Road
To Arasaig Strathspey - Fisher’s Grant and Glenville’s Dirk reels; Little
Jack MacDonald: Vi’s Favourite (pastoral air) - Gillis Cove strathspey
- Ronald’s Favourite Reel; John A. MacDonald: Victoria Road march
- Peter Milne’s strathspey - Hamtramck Harbour Reel; Dan Joe MacInnis:
Little Pickle - The Rover’s Return - Walking The Floor jigs; Joe MacIsaacs:
Dawn Waltz; Donald MacLellan: The Wedding Night & Walking the
Floor jigs; Jimmy MacLellan: Frances Cameron’s Hornpipe - Prince
Albert’s Hornpipe; The MacLellan Trio: Moonlight Clog - Wildcat
- Archie Simon reels; Joe MacLean: Donald MacLean Farewell to Oban
march; Bernie Ley & Joe MacDougal: Betsy Polka; Johnny Wilmot:
Cape Breton’s Favourite Jigs
Many of the artists appearing on this album are legendary names in Cape Breton and some of the recordings date back to the days of the old 78 rpm record. The quality of some recordings may, therefore, be poor but the quality of the artist is never in doubt.
Much pressure was placed on Rodeo Records to produce an album, from their archives, of the many outstanding Cape Breton fiddlers who have recorded for the old Celtic label, owned by Bernie MacIsaacs, who was a pioneer in his field, and conducted his business from Antigonish, NS. and the many new artists who recorded on the Celtic label, of which was taken over by Rodeo Records a number of years ago.
We can only trust that we have obliged the listeners with a fair representation of recordings made by these outstanding Cape Breton fiddlers.
Rodeo Records Limited
Tracks: Ti-Blanc Richard: La Valse des roses; Le Reel du pendu; Bobby Hachey: La Polka du ranch; Bobby’s Guitar Breakdown; Lévis Bouliane: Tu es mon soliel; Bobby Lalande: Black Foot Jam; Boil Them Cabbage Down; Roger Légaré: Le reel du brandy; La Polka de la plaza; Paul Côté: Two Step Québecois; Paul Côté Special
Graham Townsend, Eleanor Townsend, Alex Carriere, Patty Kusturok, Crystal Plohman - fiddles; Bobby Brown, Accordion and piano; Greg Black, drums; Paul Kelly, bass; Irwin Wall, rhythm guitar
Produced by Ken Carriere and Graham Townsend; Engineer: Harry Taylor; Recorded at Century 21 Studios, Winnipeg, MB
Tracks: All fiddlers - Whalen’s Breakdown; Crystal Plohman: Messer Memorial Waltz; Patti Kusturok - Chapeau Reel; Graham Townsend - Medley: Wilson’s Clog - Irishman’s Heart To The Ladies - Grant Eastern Reel - Acrobats’ Reel; Eleanor Townsend - Shannon Walts*; All Fiddlers - Rooster On The Fence; All Fiddlers - Liberty Two Step; Graham Townsend - Medley: Redwing - Logger’s Breakdown & Big John MacNeil; Alex Carriere - La Golandrina; Graham Townsend - Medley: Haste To The Wedding - The Girl I Left Behind Me - Snow Deer; Alex Carriere - Red River Jig; Graham and Eleanor Townsend - Maple Sugar
Tracks: Reg Hill - Kiddy Car Reel*; Jim Allen - Maple Sugar; Graham Townsend - Sunset Jig*; Jim Allen - Three Legged Milk Stool; Jim MacLellan - Swing Away and Foxy Mary’s Reel; Don Messer - Poor Girl’s Waltz; Reg Hill - The Long Sault Hornpipe*; Jim Allen - Mountain Park Breakdown; Johnny Mooring - Carl’s Favourite Jig; Joe Murphy Band - Parry Sound Reel; Joe MacIsaac - Big John MacNeil; Jim Allen - Paddy the Coon; Don Messer - Plaza Polka; Don Messer - Hannigan’s Hornpipe; Graham Townsend - Dusty Miller’s Reel; Reg Hill - The Road To The Isles; June Eikhard - Highland Hig; Jack Greenough - Cape Blomidon Reel; Don Messer - Interlake Waltz; Jim Allen - Back Up And Push; The Rogers Brothers - St. Anne’s Reel; Reg Hill - The Golden Stream Waltz; Johnny Mooring - The Wild Colonial Boy; Jim Allen - Fairylake Waltz; Don Messer - Riley’s Favourite reel; Graham Townsend - East York Jig*
Graham Townsend - Don Tremaine’s Reel; Reg Hill - Shamus O’Brien; Graham Townsend - Midnight Waltz; Jim Allen - Sunset Waltz; Cye Steel - Smash The Windows; Gerry Robichaud - High Level Hornpipe; Graham Townsend - East Coast Jig; Don Messer - Buckwheat Batter; Jim Allen - Hobo’s Jig; Don Messer - The Girl I Left Behind; Don Messer - Pilot Mound Waltz; Graham Townsend - Waltzing Through The Leaves; Jim Allen - Back To The Sugar Camp; Don Messer - Westphalia Waltz; Jim Magill - Fiddle Head Reel; Don Messer - Grant Lamb’s Breakdown; Jim Allen - Mountain Girl; Johnny Mooring - Over The Waves; Jim Allen - Faded Love; Graham Townsend - Ottawa Valley Reel; Don Messer - Anniversary Schottische
Production Co-ordinator: Frank MacInnes; Engineer: Dave Miller; Editing Consultant: John Donald Cameron; Recorded Live through the mobile facilities of Inter-Media Services Ltd.
Tracks: Prince Edward Island Fiddlers:
Pet of the Pipers - Rosewood - Alan’s jigs; Cape Breton Fiddlers:
Memories of Joe MacInnes marching air - Miss Jessie Cumming - Marquis of
Huntley’s Highland Fling strathspeys - Coriemonies Rant - Crarae - Sir
David Davidson of Cantray - Lord Dalhousie - Pretty Peggy - Lasses O’Stewarton
reels; Cape Breton Fiddlers: Short Grass - The Broken Lantern -
Go To The Devil And Shake Yourself jigs; Antigonish Student Fiddlers:
Lady Madelina Sinclair strathspey - Cuir Chiste Mhoir Mi - Miss Wedderburn
reels; Cape Breton Fiddlers: Father O’Flynn - Haste To The Wedding
jigs; Nova Scotia Highland Village Pipe Band - When The Battle is
Over; Glengary Fiddlers - The River Bend - Charlie Hunter - Road
To Skye jigs; Clergy: Stirling Castle - Cameron’s Got His Wife Again
strathspeys - Athol Brose - Lady Muir MacKenzie - Jennie Dang The Weaver
reels; Cape Breton Fiddlers: March Of The Rendezvous slow march
air - Coilsfield House - Lord Ramsey - Allowa Kirk strathspeys - Lady Ann
Hope - Braes of Tullymet - Loch Earn - The Cross of Inverness - Muschats
Cairn - The Perrie Werrie reels
On July 6, 7 and 8, 1979, the Cape Breton Fiddlers Association presented the fourth “Festival of Scottish Fiddling” in conjunction with the staging of the “International Gathering Of The Clans”, the first such gathering ever held outside the boundaries of Scotland. The Gathering centered on existing Nova Scotian festivals and concerts, providing the Cape Breton Fiddlers the opportunity to express their welcome with music and to join the festivities.
The Cape Breton Fiddlers Association presented their first “Festival of Scottish Fiddling” in 1973, and encouraged by wide public response, staged successive Festivals in 1975, 1977 and 1979, all at St. Mary’s Parish grounds in Glendale, Inverness County, Cape Breton Island.
The Festivals feature the fiddle and piano stylings of Cape Bretoners and attract Scottish Fiddlers from Canada, The United States and Scotland, who periodically combine their talents to perform in Mini Finales and Grand Finales, which more often than not exceed 150 fiddlers... this album features some of those Finales.
Tracks: Al Cherny: Trambulianka; Al Cherny: Laventines Barrel; Al Cherney: Knights of the Round Table; Al Cherny: Boil Them Cabbage Down; Al Cherny: Kansas City Railroad Blues; Ti-Blanc Richard: Reel Du Mardi-Gras; Ti-Blanc Richard: Reel De Sherbrooke; Ned Landry: Mocking Bird; Ned Landry: Saturday Night Breakdown; Ned Landry: Irish Washerwoman; Ned Landry: Dundee Hornpipe; King Ganam: Farmer’s Jamboree; King Ganam: Black Mountain Rag; King Ganam: To The Ladies; King Ganam: Fireman’s Reel; Ned Landry: The Old Man And The Old Woman; Ned Landry: Life In The Finland Woods; Ned Landry: St Anne’s Reel; Ti-Blanc Richard: Valse Des Fleurs; Ti-Blanc Richard: Reel De La Georgie; King Ganam: Angus Campbell; King Ganam: Red River Jig; King Ganam: Oompah Rag; Al Cherny: Joys of Quebec; Al Cherny: Spanish Two Step; Al Cherny: Hitch Hiker Blues; Al Cherny: My Little Home In West Virginia; Al Cherny: Pointe-au-pic Reel; Ti-Blanc Richard: Reel De La Maison Blanche
Les Productions Lévis Bouliane Inc.; Mixed by Denis Aubin
Tracks: Gérard Joyal - L’oisseau Moqueur; Robert Pinard - Polka Allemand; Paul Côté - Breakdown Canadien; Paul-Émile Gosselin - La Toune À Theo; Gérard Joyal - Reel du pendu; Paul Côté - Gigue de Capleton; Robert Pinard - Reel du pavillion; Gérard Joyal - Gigue de L’ecosse; Paul-Émile Gosselin - Reel du voyageur; Gérard Joyal - Clarinette Polka
Paul-Émile Gosselin, Robert Pinard, Gérard Joyal et Paul Côté ont tous été couronnés violonneux à différents concours de la Province.
Jack Greenough, Bill Guest and Cye Steele, fiddlers.
Tracks: Cye Steele: The Village Carousel
Waltz; Smash The Window; Shingle The Roof; Jack Greenough: Shannon
Waltz; Goose Feathers; Cape Blomindon Reel; Jack Greenough, Bill Guest
& Cye Steele: St. Anne’s Reel; Bill Guest: Sue’s Waltz;
Lannin’s Jig; Snowbird in the Ashbin reel
The Maritimes Old Time Fiddling Contest first started in a very small way in the Parish Hall of St Thomas More, at that time a mission of St Peter’s Parish, Dartmouth, NS.
The first venture proved to be an immediate success and following contests proved beyond all doubt that the mission hall could no longer handle the enthusiastic crowds jamming the building - literally to the rafters!
It was then decided to move the contest to the Dartmouth Memorial Rink where all competitions are now staged.
Jack Greenough: Champion
First started playing the fiddle at the age of twelve and has played for dances since he was fourteen. In 1957 was featured guest on “Ricochet” program on CBC Radio, which was transmitted overseas to Canadian Forces. Has made guest appearances on Don Messer’s Jubilee, CBC Gazette and performed with his own band over CKCL in Truro for 32 weeks in 1961 - 62. Jack is also an accomplished singer and has made guest appearances on TV and Radio. He is Choir Director at St Thomas More Church, Dartmouth, NS, received his Bachelor of Commerce degree from St Mary’s University, Bachelor of Education degree at Dalhousie and is currently teaching school in Dartmouth. Jack is regular guest artist on a new CJCH TV program - “Dominion Saturday Night Party”. He has won the Maritimes Old Time Fiddling Contest five times.
Bill Guest: Runner Up
Only twenty-five years old years old, Bill has entered the contest four times and has finished in the top three on two occasions. Born in Dartmouth he played fiddle in Doc Williams Country & Western Band out of Wheeling, West Virginia for two years and toured much of the USA. He also plays piano for Jack Greenough’s Eastern Five and appears as a piano player two nights a week at a prominent Halifax night spot. Bill has composed about twenty five fiddle tunes of his own and considers Don Messer the master of all fiddlers. This year Bill won the first fiddling contest staged by the Tatamagouche Festival of the Arts. The contest proved to be such a successful venture that plans have already been formulated to have another competition next year on an even larger scale.
Cye Steele - Third Place
Born in Halifax in 1930, Cye lived in Pictou County for fifteen years and moved to Truro, where he resides at present. Cye first entered the Maritime Old Time Fiddling Contest in 1956 and has appeared in all contests since. Only twice in ten years has he failed to finish in the top three. Cye has appeared on the Don Messer TV show five times as Guest Star, on CBC Gazette twice and Saturday Night Jamboree over CJCH. Cye has guested on Moncton and Charlottetown TV and also CBC Radio.
Tracks: Johnny Mooring: Carol Kennedy Waltz*; Don Messer: Plaza Polka; Reg Hill: The Devil's Dream; John Woods: Big Sandy River; Jim Allen: Maple Sugar; Frank Rodgers: Whiskey Before Breakfast; Cye Steele: Smash The Window; Jack Greenough: Cape Blomondon Reel; Paul Menard: Smokey Mountain Rag; Graham Townsend: Alex & Maureen's Two Step*; Winston Fitzgerald: Mrs Douglas Henderson Strathspey / Michael A Maclean Reel; Gerry Robichaud: High Level Hornpipe; Vic Mullen: Sugar in the Gourd; Jim MacLellan: Dusty Bob's & Old Barn Jigs; Bill Guest: Bonnie Dundee; Jim Magill: Fiddle Head Reel*
Johnny Mooring: North American Fiddle Champion 1965, 1965 and 1966, a feat never accomplished by another fiddler.
Reg Hill: Ottawa Valley's contribution to the great fiddlers of Canada. Reg is a prolific composer of fiddle tunes.
Graham Townsend: Winner of over 30 major Fiddle Championships and twice North American Champion.
Paul Menard: One of French Canada's greatest fiddlers. Paul is a featured solo on the Carl Smith Show.
Vic Mullen: Don Messer's banjo player but prolific on the fiddle, guitar and mandolin. An all time great.
Don Messer: Canada's undisputed Square Dance King; Don's TV program has been the most successful ever aired in Canada.
John Woods: A new and great performer of fiddle tunes. John is from Brockville, Ontario and has a very bright future.
Frank Rodgers: Western Canada's Fiddle Champion for several years, Frank hails from Edmonton, Alberta and is one of the all time greats.
Cye Steele: Since 1956 Cye has only missed twice in placing in the first three in the Maritimes Championship. A great feat.
Jimmy MacLellan: From Cape Breton to Sudbury, Ont., a hoedown great from the early fifties, be it Scottish or Square Dance Music.
Jim Magill: Who can forget the magic of Jim's fiddle! Square Dance King for many years, born 1905 and died 1954. A great loss to the country. The most prolific composer of fiddle tunes of all time. This release is made possible thru the coutesy of London Records of Canada Ltd.
Winston (Scotty) Fitzgerald: The greatest Scottish Fiddler since the late Scott Skinner. Winston hails from Cape Breton.
Jim Allen: The nephew of the late, great Ward Allen, playing the internationally known Maple Sugar composed by Ward.
Jack Greenough: Maritimes Old Time Fiddling Champion five times. Jack makes his home in Dartmouth, NS
Gerry Robichaud: Originally from fNew Brunswick but now residing in Boston, Mass., Gerry is one of the great exponents of the fiddle.
Bill Guest: A young up-coming fiddler who has placed twice in Maritime competitions and has written over 25 compositions.
Face A: Claude Jean, violon; Isidore Lavoie, accordéon; Face B: Ulysse Potvin, violon; Paul Martel, violon
Direction: Jacques Labrecque; Collaboration: Marcel Rioux et Jacques Lacourciére; Recorded at Studio Denix Champoux, Cap Rouge, Québec, mai 5 - 12, 1977
Tracks: Face A: Brandy; Reel du Grand Lac;
Reel Montagnard; Reel Claude; Le bonhomme et la bonne femme; Reel du pendu;
Face B: Reel de ma tante; Reel money musk; Grande gigue simple; Reel Ti-Paul;
Reel du cultivateur; Reel du poulailler
À La Lueur du Passé
Jusqu’à une période assez récente, la région de Chalevoix demeurait difficilement accessible. Dans les années 1930, se rendre en voiture de Québec à Baie-Saint-Paul revêtait presque l’allure d’une expédition. Le chemin de fer et le bateau étaient des moyens plus sûrs. Cet isolement involontaire a eu comme conséquence que les coutumes et traditions populaires se perdirent là moins rapidement qu’ailleurs. Ce qui fait le bonheur non seulement des ethnologues et des folkloristes, mais aussi de tous les passionnés de la musique traditionnelle.Musique Traditionnelle Du Québec Conffret No 1: La Musique, Le Tamanoir TAMX 32499
Le comté de Charlevoix n’est créé qu’en 1858. Le nom rappelle le père jésuite François-Xavier de Chalevoix (1682-1761) qui séjourna en Nouvelle-France dans les années 1720. Le religieux est l’auteur d’une des premières histoires du Canada. La circonscription électorale qui, en 1792, portait le nom de Northumberland, puis de Saguenay, eut comme représentants quelques personnages importants de notre histoire, tels Pierre Bédard, Étienne Parent, Auguste-Norbert Morin, Hector-Louis Langevin et Rodolphe Forget.
La paroisse la plus ancienne est celle de Baie-Saint-Paul dont la tenue des régistres commence en 1681. Les premiers habitants avaient quitté la région de Beaupré dans le dernier quart du dix-septième siècle. Assez rapidement, naquirent d’autres paroisses le long de la côte. L’agriculture, la pêche et l’exploitation forestière constituèrent pendant longtemps la principale source de revenues des habitants. Aujourd’hui, le tourisme constitue une source additionnelle.
Monsieur l’abbé Léonce Boivin, qui était curé de la paroisse de l’Assomption des Éboulements en 1942, avait ainsi rendu hommage aux gens de Charlevoix: “O femmes de chez-nous, votre omelette est meilleure que celle de la mère Poularde. La soupe aux pois canadienne est sans pareille. Vos ragoûts sont ragoûtants pour toutes les noces, mêmes celles des puissants. Vous savez tisser la laine, vous savez faire cuire le pain. (...) Vous habillez votre époux et vos enfants du travail de vos mains. Vous n’avez pas salir les mains. Vous savez prier Dieu et en parler à vos enfants. (...) Hommes de chez nous, propriétaires du sol, ne le laissez pas pour l’esclavage. (...) Gardez vos fils à la terre, au logis. Si votre fils meurt, pleurez alors un vrai fils de la terre, le fils d’un héros, et non pas le fils d’un perfide qui l’a trahei.”
Les terres de Charlevoix qui furent abandonnés font aujourd’hui la convoîtise des gens de la ville qui rêvent d’un retour à la terre. Que ce retour se fasse en souhaitant que l’on prenne aussi soin de préserver vivant un passé extrêmement riche.
Jos Bouchard: Violoneux
Tracks: Reel de la Pointe au Pic; La valse à Marie Paule; Reel Le Tamanoir (pour Bertrand & Réal); La joyeuse Québécoise; Galope du Lac St-Charles; Galope de la Malbaie; Reel St-Jean de l'Île d'Orleans (pour Jean Picard); Valse de l'aurore; Reel Béatrice; Polka Bouchard (pour Mme Laterreur); Reel des éboulements
Violoneux de Kamouraska
Tracks: Cotillon Indien; Gigue des Grand'Maison; Valse de la Kermesse; Gigue à Japhette; Galope de l'Acadie; Reel du Père Charles; Gigue à Ti-Jos; Partie de lancier; Cotillon de la tante Ernestine; Valse des amourettes; Galope du quêteux; Reel du pendu
Tracks: Money Musk; Reel des indiens; Empress of Ireland; La gigue simple du Lac St-Jean; La disputeuse de la Gaspésie; Le reel des bottines; Le reel d'Irène; L'oiseau moqueur; Le maréchal; C'était une vieille; Le reel d'Amqui; Le reel des métis
Violoneux, Côte de Beaupré
Tracks: Cotillon du rappel; Reel du rang de la misère; Gigue des caps; Reel de la promenade; Valse du rendez-vous; Reel de la compétition; Valse de la belle époque; Reel d'autrefois; Gigue de la basse-cour; Reel de la côte; Reel chez Manzor; Valse du rêve; Reel de Grand-Père; Reel de la miche
Erwin Deighan, fiddle; Fred Timms, caller; Terry Jackson and the Echo Valley Boys; Clare Adlam, fiddle and rhythm.
Tracks: Erwin Deighan: Rippling Water Jig; Irish Washerwoman; Crooked Stove Pipe; Clare Adlam: Satan’s Nightmare; Clare’s Favourite*; The Saugeen Valley Jig*; Georgian Bay Jig*; Fancy Frills; Erwin Deighan: Country Breakdown; Rock Valley Jig; Haste To The Wedding; Clare Adlam: The Canada Logging Bee; Moonbeam Watlz*; Adlam’s Reel*; Coutin’ Sara Jane; My Winning Waltz*; Leapyear Jig
Tracks: Graham Townsend - Mel’s Jig; Joe Murphy - Liberty Two Step; Joe MacIsaac - Snowshoer’s Reel; Don Messer - Interlake Waltz; Rodger’s Brothers - Canal St. Polka; Jimmie MacLellan - Triplets Schottische; Johnny Mooring - Billy Wilson’s Clog; Jimmie MacLellan - Pride Of The Ball & Caul Kail; Winston ‘Scotty’ Fitzgerald - Medley of Antigonish Polka; Joe MacIsaac - Hillbilly Calypso; Jimmy Chapman - Grace MacPherson Reel; Don Messer - Anniversary Schottische; Ed Gyurki - Smash the Window; Graham Townsend - Royal Princess Two Step; Joe Murphy - Parry Sound Reel; Johnny Mooring - Twilight Waltz
Tracks: Don Messer and His Islanders - Buckwheat Batter; Jimmy MacLellan - Swing Away & Foxie Mary’s Reel; Johnny Mooring - Carl’s Favourite Jig; Joe Murphy Band - Little Judique Reel; June Eikhard - Highland Jig; Graham Townsend - Don Tremaine’s Reel; Bernie Leigh & Joe MacDougall - Jimmy’s Favourite Jig; The Rogers Brothers - St Anne’s Reel; Jimmy MacLellan - Dusty Bob’s Jig & Old Red Barn Jig; Don Messer and His Islanders - Riley’s Favourite Reel; Joe Murphy Band - Northern Lights; June Eikhard - Rodeo Reel; Ed Gyurki - Smash The Window; Bernie Leigh and Joe MacDougall - Fiddle Head Reel; Graham Townsend - East Coast Jig; Joe Murphy Band - Parry Sound Reel
(Incluant 2 super microsillons tel qu’announcé
à la télévision canadienne)
Direction musical: Claude Roy; Ingenieur du son: Paul Emil Moingeau; Studio: National V.S. L.: Conception et production: Normand Bouchard & Gilles Vincent, 1975
Tracks: André Lejeune: Thème; Muriel Millard: Je vous la souhaite; Ovila Légaré: C’est à boire mesdames; Ti-Blanc Richard: Reel La galop de la Malbaie; Réal Béland: Les Maladies; André Legeune: Festin de campagne; Denis Côté: Les montagnards; Aglaé: Nez de Martin; Alan Mills: Les raftmans; Georges Dor: Pépère Moise; Clément Grenier: Salouns la nouvelle Année; Monsieur Pointu: Reel des messagers; Paul Berval: Mon père y m’a marier; André Lejeune: Pour boire il faut vendre; Ti-Blanc Richard, Monsieur Pointu et Denis Côté: Paul Jones, Raspa & Swing; Ovila Légaré et Aglaé: La Bastringue; Père Gédéon: C’est pas d’ma faute; Muriel Millard: Ti Guidou; Réal Béland: Les maringoulins; Aglaé: A qui passera le bois; Ti-Blanc Richard: Reel le money musk; Alan Mills: La visite du jour de l’An; Georges Dor: St-Hilaire les pommes; André Lejenue: Le cavalier de ma soeur; Robin Barraiult: Reel le Québécois (callé); Clément Grenier: Le mal de dent; Ovila Légaré: Vive l’amourette en bargenton; Monsieur Pointu: Reel des forgerons (callé); Paul Berval: Mon merle; Muriel Millard: Nos vielles Maisons; Denis Côté: Valse St-Catherine; Père Gédéon: Monologue & Boire du rhum; Robin Barraiult: Reel de Robin; André Lejeune: La viellée chez le père Jos
(Note: this is an album of folksongs and tunes performed by various ‘folk stars’ of Québec. Some of the tunes are by accordion players)
Ti-blanc Richard, violon; Marcel Brisebois, violon; Jean-Marie St-Louis, violon; Claude Lemarbre, violon; Laureat Goulet, violon
Tunes: Le reel Angus Campbell – Ti-Blanc
Richard; Le reel de Marcel – Marcel Brisebois; Le reel du joyeux
violonneux – Jean-Marie St-Louis; Pat Sweeny’s Medley – Lauréat
Goulat; Le reel du bon voisin – Claude Lemarbre; Le reel Cotton-eyed
Joe – Ti-Blanc Richard; Le reel de mon matou – Claude Lemarbre;
Le Reel du tapis tresse – Lauréat Goulet; Le reel en la-mineur
– Jean-Marie St-Louis; Le reel la toune a Willie – Marcel Brisebois
Marcel Brisebois: St-Jerome artiste de la T.V. et gagnant du concourse de violonneux a la Canadienne Canal 10
Lauréat Goulet: St-Pierre-de-Broughton artiste de la TV et gagnant du concours de violonneux Sherbrooke Canal 7
Claude Lemarbre: St-Michel-Des-Saintes artiste de la TV du concours de violonneux a la Canadienne Canal 10
Jean-Marie St-Louis: Drummondville artiste de la TV gagnant du concours de violonneux a Sherbrooke Canal 7
Jean Carignan, fiddle; Aldor Morin, Harmonica; Edgar Morin, Jigs and Calls; Bob Hill, guitar; Madame Richard, singer; Gerard Delorier, singer
Produced by Samuel Gesser; Recorded in Montreal, Quebec
(Note: Tracks listed are only instrumental fiddle tracks - ed)
Tracks: Danse Carré: Reel Du Bon
Vieux Temps; Fiddle Reel; Reel Carré; La Bastringue
French Canadians are a happy people, frequent assertions to the contrary, and this recording goes well along the road to proving it.
The changes involved in moving from the regime of old France into the British orbit, the growth of confederation into a new Canada, and the gradual move, in particular, from agricultural communities into the different values of urban living have all put heavy pressures on French Canadian culture.
Casual observers may sometimes mistake solidity and tenacity for sadness, a certain heaviness for gloom, or again the ‘Complaintes’ of French Canadian folk songs for self pity. The facts are quite different however, and even the ‘Complaintes’ are often love songs or romantic reminiscence rather than any deep rooted sorrow.
When French Canadians gather to this day, songs are often an integral part of the celebrations. Folk songs are very much a living tradition in French Canada, and there are examples of this at every hand.
Danse Carré - literally a translation of Square Dance: This reel, complete with foot tapping by the harmonica player, is similar to the American barn dance, or square dance.
Reel Du Bon Vieux Temps - This ‘old time reel’ is played by Jean Carignan, a fiddler from St Jerome who now lives in Montreal and who is in great demand for such occasions.
Fiddle Reel - Another solo of French Canadian fiddling virtuosity by Jean Carignan. To be noted are the foot tapping accompaniments by the fiddler himself, and the different manner of tuning the violin, a feature that often varies with Canadian fiddlers. A number of left handed ones are to be found, with the violin completely re-strung, the bridge sloping in the opposite direction than normally, and the pegs of the instrument changed around. M. Carignan happens to play in the standard fashion with the bow in the right hand.
Reel Carré - The caller animates the dancing, much as found in general reels of this type. A few regional French Canadian expressions that may be distinguishable in the joyful mêleé are a rich rural corruption of the word ‘Envois’ meaning in this sense ‘go,’ (of which the more recent jazz expression ‘go - go’ is another example) and ‘Domino’ which is frequently called at the end of a reel.
La Bastringue - This is another form of square dance popular throughout French Canada. It is older than most of its counterparts. when danced by earlier French colonists in America it was actually almost a sedate dance, without the benefit of feet tapping loudly or the more raucous noises that are now customary on such occasions. Since this recording does not deal with history, but with the sounds of folk music as it resounds through Quebec and other spheres of French Canadian influence today, the extraneous sounds are included.
Roger Weapenicappo, Mathew Mukash, Bobby Georgekish, Malcolm House, Sinclair Cheechoo, Clarence Loutit, David Sam, Peter Bosum, James Stewart, fiddles
Produced by Mike McGee; Recording, mixing and mastering at Mike's Studio, Wemindji, Québec
Tracks: Father's Reel, Roger Weapenicappo;
The 8th Of January, Mathew Mukash; Wemindji Bridge Reel, Bobby
Georgekish; Soldier's Joy, Malcolm House; James Bay Doings,
Cheechoo; Wemindji Reel, Clarence Loutit; Civil Service Breakdown,
Sam; Big Muskeg Reel, Peter Bosum; Mamoweedow Minshtukch,
Stewart; Soldier's Joy, All fiddlers
This album is a 100% native product of Canada.
Mike's Studio is a Cree owned business - Hughboy Records is Cree owned and operated. All fiddle players on this album are Cree Indian.
Address: Eastmain, Québec
Born at: Wemindji, James Bay, Québec
Additional information: Roger was raised in Eastmain where he started to play the fiddle because it gave him so much satisfaction when his music made so many people happy. Apart from his music, Roger spends a lot of his time helping and encouraging young people to find the right path to be brave and proud. Roger has been playing professionally since 1986 when he and some of his brothers formed the Weapenicappo Fiddling Band. He and his band travel a lot playing their music and have also done some recording.
Personal Statement: "I would like to give a message to the young people: Listen to Wisdom Whispers and don't let the Good turn to the Bad."
Address: Whapmagoostul, Québec
Born At: In The Bush, approx. 100 miles northeast of the Great Whale River, Hudson's Bay, Québec, Canada.
Started Playing: Age 13
Additional Information: Mathew grew up living in the bush for the first 9 years of his life. After that he went to elementary school in Great Whale (now named Whapmagoostul). In the late 60s he moved to Montreal where for a period of over the next 10 years he completed high school, attended college and also university. At the age of 24 Mathew returned to Whapmagoostul and worked within the town as a police officer and also held various other jobs within the community. Since that time he has gained much public support and is now the chief of Whapmagoostul since 1992. Mathew has developed his own style of fiddle playing and has accumulated a vast repertoire of fiddle tunes derived from many sources and is well known in all the James Bay communities for his cheerful music.
Personal Statement: "At times like this, when we are struggling to have our rights recognized, we need to communicate with other people, and music is one form of communication that we can use to pass our message on to others."
Address: Wemindji, Québec
Born at: Old Factory, James Bay, Québec, Canada
Started Playing At: age 20
Additional Information: Bobby grew up on the now deserted island of Old Factory. He moved to Moose Factory, Ontario when he was about 12 years old and attended school there. After his schooling he then moved back to Old Factory where he went hunting and trapping in the bush for awhile. Later, the people of Old Factory decided to relocate the whole population to a new location which is now called Wemindji. It was approximately that time when he began to play the fiddle. bobby now plays regularly at many weddings, dances, and various concerts and is also releasing his own album of fiddle tunes. The tune that he plays on this album was composed by him.
Personal Statement: "I would like to give a message to the young people to stay away from drugs and alcohol. they should focus their minds on the future and seek out the best things to do to ensure the best possible lives for themselves. Music could be an alternative form of enjoyment that I would encourage. To play music would also make many people happy and proud to have a musician in their family."
Address: Chisasibi, Québec
Born At: Fort George, James Bay, Québec, Canada
Started Playing at: age 16
Additional Information: Malcolm grew up in the bush hunting and trapping with his family. He never went to school. He was raised by his grandfather as his mother died when his sister was born. He was two years old at the time. He got married at the age of 22. Malcolm still goes hunting and fishing to this day and now resides in Chisasibi with his wife and five children.
Personal Statement: "I really enjoyed the fiddle concert that we did in Wemindji to make this album. The people that I met were very friendly and there was a lot of fiddle playing going on all the tim. I liked it a lot."
Address: Moose Factory, Ontario
Born at: Eastmain, Québec, Canada
Additional Information: Sinclair grew up in Eastmain and eventually got a job working for the Hudson's Bay Company. He got married in Eastmain at age 22. During his employment he was transferred to Winisk in 1947. He later worked at Fort George and spent the winters in Canaipiscau. At age 36 he quit working for the Baie and moved to Moose Factory. Sinclair, who is now an accomplished fiddle player, has put out several recordings of his music throughout the years and is highly respected for his accomplishments as well as a fine gentleman.
Personal Statement: "When I was young I didn't have a fiddle of my own and had to borrow one to practice and learn. the more I played the more I wanted to learn and play even better. I really enjoy playing the fiddle even to this day and I encourage young people to play as well."
Address: Moose Factory, Ontario
Born At: Fort George, Québec, Canada
Additional Information: Clarence spent most of his younger years at the now deserted island of Fort George. He started playing and practising his first fiddle tunes on his grandfather's fiddle. he moved to Old Factory when he was about 18 years old and that is where he began playing in public. Eventually Moose Factory became his home and there he played often at many dances and weddings. He was even asked once to play his fiddle over the PA system at the hospital for the patients. Clarence is well known for his precise fiddle playing and has played throughout the communities of James Bay as well as the city of Toronto, Timmins, North Bay, and other places.
Personal Statement: "I have composed a few tunes in my days and the tune that I play on this album called the Wemindji Reel was created one day while practising in Wemindji, hence became the title."
Address: Chisasibi, Québec
Born At: Fort George, James Bay, Québec, Canada
Started Playing at age: 10
Additional Information: David grew up on Fort George island and spent most of his younger years hunting and trapping on the mainland. He moved to Chisasibi in 1980 and attended school there. He played a lot of fiddle at home when he was young and played at his first public appearance at age 14. David is a fiddle player that is frequently requested to play at weddings and gatherings in many communities.
Personal Statement: "There was a time when I drank a lot and had lots of trouble because of it. I have overcome this problem now and my life and my fiddle playing have improved significantly. My message is to the young people to try and overcome this problem just as I did."
Address: Mistissini, Québec
Born At: In the Bush somewhere near Mistissini Lake, James Bay, Québec, Canada
Started Playing Fiddle at: age 10
Additional Information: Peter grew up in the bush where he learned to hunt and trap at an early age. He never went to school. He lived in the bush most of his life living off the land as generations of his family had done throughout the years before him. He got married at age 33 in Mistissini and now has 9 children. Peter is a fine fiddle player and is well liked in Mistissini for his unique style.
Personal Statement: "The first time I tried to play the fiddle I used a small stick that I had tied a string to both ends. This was all I had and that's what I tried to play with. I finally got my own fiddle and have been playing it ever since. It is the best instrument that I know of."
Address: Chisasibi, Québec
Born At: Old Factory, James Bay, Québec, Canada
Started playing fiddle at: age 13
Additional Information: James grew up in Old Factory where he spent most of his younger years. Later he went to school in Moose Factory, Ontario. After school he became ill and had to be hospitalized for almost 18 months. during his time in the hospital he started to play the fiddle to pass the time. James eventually left the hospital and returned to Old Factory where he was requested to play at many square dances. He moved again, this time to Fort George Island, where he got married in 1964. He stayed there ever since and now resides in Chisasibi, Québec.
Personal Statement: "I would like to encourage young people, boys and girls, to learn to play the fiddle. I will always enjoy to play the fiddle for as long as I live."
All tunes were recorded on location in Wemindji, Québec, during the months of July and August, 1993 at Mike's Studio.
The live tune was recorded at the Best Cree Fiddle Players concert held in Wemindji, Québec on July 21st, 1993 at the community auditorium.
Mathew Mukash was recorded on location in Whapmagoostul situated at the mouth of the Great Whale River in northern Québec.
This album was made possible through the dedication of the fiddle players who travelled to Wemindji, James Bay, Québec to make the recording. We would also like to say thank you to the fans, the people who enjoy hearing their music and give them the support they need.
1. Andre’s Polka – Eugene Laderoute
2. Shehan’s Reel – Mel Bedard
3. Nicole Waltz – Boris Nowosad
4. French Minuette – Haney Old Time Fiddlers
5. Maple Sugar – Clarence Levesque
6. Military Schottische – The Country Ramblers
7. Cotton Eyed Joe – Brian Sklar
8. Faded Love / Maiden’s Prayer – Reg Bouvette / Jr. Dougherty
9. Snooky’s Favorite – Marcel Meilleur
10. I Don’t Love Nobody - Reg Bouvette / Jr. Dougherty
11. Red River Jig – Andy DeJarlis
12. Orange Blossom Special – Yogi Klos
13. St. Laurent Breakdown – Reg Bouvette
14. Devil’s Dream – The Country Ramblers
15. Fiddlin’ Blue Two-Step – Boris Nowosad
16. Over The Waves Waltz – Andy DeJarlis
17. Mocking Bird – Clarence Levesque
18. Joys of Quebec – Haney Old Time Fiddlers
19. Mom’s Schottische - Eugene Laderoute
20. Rippling Water Jig – Eldon Jones
21. Backup and Push – Patti Kusturok / Reg Bouvette
22. Heel Tow Polka – The Country Ramblers
23. Sweet Lady Fingers – Marcel Meilleur
24. Butterfly Dance – Andy DeJarlis
The fiddle – Scroll; 2 sets of pegs; Finger Board; Sound Holes; Bridge; Tail piece; and 4 strings make up in what we call a (violin) fiddle. Put together a long haired bow and a talented individual and you have music that has enlightened the hearts of many generations.
From the backwoods of the Great Canadian North to the dance halls of every community in Canada, the fiddle has made its trademark. Fiddle music has made its presence in every style of music from Bluegrass, Gospel, Country, and Rock, but the most popular is Old Time Dance Music.
We at Sunshine Records have combined unique selections that are most requested from fans across Canada. 24 Golden Fiddle Greats will bring you countless hours of listening and dancing pleasure.
The modern violin did not look the same at the beginning. The origin of the violin has been a controversial subject. Violin maestro Laigudi G. Jayaraman claims that the violin birth place is India, based on evidence in sculptures and instruments that are over 2000 years old.It is an accepted view that the modern violin had its first appearance in Italy. The first great makers of violins who became the world centre in violin manufacture was the Amati family in Cremona, Italy. Andrea Amati (1535 – 1611), was the founder of this large dynasty of leading violin makers. In the seventeenth century Antonia Stradivari (1640 – 1737), a disciple of Andrea’s grandson, further refined the modern violin. The modern violin bow was perfefted in all important aspects by Francois Tourte (1747 – 1835).
(Note: No fiddlers identified)
Tracks: Cook In The Galley; Twiggle Toe; Ottawa Valley Reel; Mackimoyle’s Reel; Cotton-eyed Joe; Montreal Reel; Mother’s Reel; St John River; Mussels in the Corner; Possum and the Coon; Nova Scotia Special; St Francis Reel; Fisherman’s Favourite; Roddy McLury; The Quebec Reel; Captain and his Whiskers; Maple Sugar; Souris Lighthouse - Mouth of the Tobique; Rock Valley Jig; Winnipeg Special; Mississippi Sawyer; Angler’s Jig; Gateman’s Reel; Rollicking Skipper; Cock O’ The North; Bugle Horn Jig; Rory O’Moore
(Note: No fiddlers identified)
Tracks: St Anne’s Reel; Ragtime Annie; Blue
Water Hornpipe; Listen To The Mocking Bird; McNab’s Hornpipe; Red Wing;
Turkey In The Straw; The Mouth of the Tobique; Haste To The Wedding; Shelbourne
Reel; Snowflake Breakdown; Sally Goodin; Draggin’ The Bow; Little Burnt
Potato; Shannon Waltz; Irish Washerwoman; Lord Alexander’s Reel; Soldier’s
Joy; Angus Campbell; Country Waltz; High Level Hornpipe; Anne Marie March;
Bully of the Town; Hitchhiker Blues; Arkansas Traveller
Bernie Ley & Joe MacDougall, fiddles; Laurens LeDrew, piano; Calvin LeDrew, guitar
Produced by George I Taylor
Tracks: Maple Sugar; The Joys of Wedlock & Connaught Man's Rambles; Betsy Polka; Just Because; The Five Mile Heat; My Bonnie Lassie; Waltz Quadrille; Gusty's Tune; Jim's Polka; Redwing
Winston (Scotty) Fitzgerald, The Five MacDonald Fiddlers, Angus Chisholm, John Wilmot, Angus Allan Gillis, Little Jack MacDonald, Donald MacLellan, Bill Lamey, Dan R MacDonald, Joe MacLean, Dan J Campbell, Jimmie MacLellan
Produced by George I Taylor
Tracks: John Morrison and Loch Carron Reels - Winston (Scotty) Fitzgerald; Rolling off the Log and Green Shades of Gasque Jigs - The Five MacDonald Fiddlers; Mike Maloney and Bessie Brown Jigs - Joe MacLean; Tea Garden and Mrs. MacGee Jigs - Angus Chisholm; Dr. Gilbert's and The Queen of May reels - John Wilmot; J.W. Morrison and Concert Jigs - Dan R. MacDonald; Johnny Cope (March and Variations) - Angus Allan Gillis; Lovat Scouts - Quick Step - Marquis of Tullybardine reels - Bill Lamey; Craig Ellachie Bridge - Strathspey - Pretty Peggy and Lady Charlotte Murray reels - Jimmie MacLellan; Mrs. Dingwall of Brockley's strathspey - Mist Over Cape Mabou reel - Dan J Campbell; Mrs. Ronald MacDonald's - Ann's Favourite and Lady Charlotte Campbell reels - Little Jack MacDonald; Hon. Mrs. Ursham of Balgonans and Taking a Wife reels - Donald MacLellan
The musical history of Cape Breton Island has, throughout the years, become associated with the great Scottish Fiddlers this small island has produced. Whether the surnames of the fiddlers are Scottish, English, Irish or French, the heritage of the music can be directly attributed to the strong Scottish influence which has remained prevalent on the island for a number of centuries.
In combining their catalogues, Rodeo and Celtic Records take you back through fifty years of the finest fiddle music ever produced from this Island.
This had been no mean task and much of it has been due to the friendly relations of the two companies who amalgamated their catalogues to bring you this once in a lifetime Long Play record.
Winston (Scotty) Fitzgerald, Dan Joe MacInnis,
Joe MacLean, Joe Murphy & His Radio Swing Band, Angus Chisolm, John
Note: There are also tracks by singers and pipers on this recording.
Produced by George I Taylor
Tracks: Winston (Scotty) Fitzgerald: Inverness Jig & Baddeck Gathering Jig; Dan Joe MacInnis: March of the 93rd at Modder River & Mulin Dhu Reel; Joe MacLean: Burnt Leg / Peggy's In The Barn / Sweet Peggy's Reel; Joe Murphy & His Radio Swing Band: Fraser Jamieson's Reel; Angus Chisolm: Lochaber Gathering March & Bob Johnson Reel; John Wilmot: Bottle of Punch / The Banks of Moy (jigs)
My Dear Friends -
CIAD MILE FAILTE!
In case you don't "have the Gaelic", this simply means "a hundred thousand welcomes", whether you are visiting Sydney for the first time or are a frequent visitor to our city.
The Celebration Committee sincerely hopes you may have time to share in the elaborate program arranged for Sydney's 175th Birthday Anniversary. May you take away with you only the best wishes and fondest recollections of what we hope will be one of the friendliest efforts ever put forth by the Citizens of Sydney.
Will ye no' come back again?
City of Sydney
Featuring Graham Townsend, Ned Landry, Lee Cremo, Bill Guest & Cye Steele
Tracks featuring Graham
Townsend: Larry O Gaffe; Snow Shower's Reel; Mountain Hornpipe; Kiley's
Reel; Clear The Track; Trail Blazer's Two Step*; Maytime Swing*
Tracks featuring Bill Guest: Mississippi Sawyer; Little black Moustache; Buffalo Gals; The Quarter Deck; Johnny Wagoner; Angus Campbell; Liverpool Hornpipe; Whalen's Breakdown; Chicken Reel; Money Musk; Patrinella; Plough Boy Reel; Rambler's Hornpipe
Tracks featuring Cye Steele: Foregoing Hornpipe; Tom Sullivan's Breakdown; Cape Blombdon (SIC) Breakdown; Subway Special; Salmon River Breakdown*; Misti Dawn Waltz*; Down East Waltz*
Tracks featuring Lee Cremo: Archie Menzie; Cock Of The North; MacLeod's Reel; Patty On The Turnpike; Ragtime Annie; I Lost My Love Jig; Golden Wedding Bells; The Girl I Left Behind; Carnival Polka
Tracks featuring Ned Landry: Bow & Strings (SIC most likely Bowin' The Strings)*; Annie Laurie Two Step; Amazing Grace; Rocking Fiddle*